This year, why not celebrate Veterans Day by visiting the city where it all began.
Surprisingly, that city is not in Europe and it’s not Washington, DC. The city where Veterans Day all began is Emporia, Kansas.
Before Veterans Day was Veterans Day it was known as Armistice Day. Armistice Day, also known as Remembrance Day, commemorates the signing of the truce that ended the First World War. This truce, or armistice, was signed at the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month – November 11th.
That was in 1918 and for thirty-five years Armistice Day honored the veterans of World War I. But during that time there was a second World War, and with it came more veterans.
Out in America’s Heartland, in the small city of Emporia Kansas, a man named Alvin J. King and his wife Gertrude had helped raise up his nephew, John Cooper, in the way that is done in small towns. Pfc. John E. Cooper left Emporia to serve as an ammunition handler, but died in a German forest before he could return. He was killed in action December 20th, 1944 and buried in Limey, France.
Alvin King must have thought about his nephew every year for seven Armistice Days, but before the eighth one came around he decided to do something about it. Alvin decided that Armistice Day should honor all veterans, not just those from World War I, and he was going to do something about it.
Along with the help of the local American Legion, and the Veterans of Foreign Wars, Alvin got the people of Emporia to organize an “All Veterans Day” in 1953. Schools and businesses were closed, so everyone turned out for a parade, followed by church bells, air raid sirens, and a stirring rendition of Taps at 11:00 am. Then came hot dogs, a wheelchair basketball game, free movie at the drive-in and a dance.
One of the celebrities there that day was Emporia’s native son US Representative Edward Rees. Rees had been very helpful to Alvin King in planning the day’s events, but more importantly, Rees had also taken Alvin’s idea back to Washington DC, and on October 8th of the following year, 1954, President Eisenhower signed a bill renaming Armistice Day to Veterans Day.
Today the City of Emporia has changed a little, and yet changed a lot. It still exudes the small town friendliness and camaraderie that gave Alvin King and his compatriots the drive to change a National Holiday over fifty years ago. Pride for those serving our country can be seen everywhere and everyday, not just on Veterans Day.
Take a trip out there someday, out to America’s Heartland. Stop by the Commercial Street Diner, where the locals socialize. Have lunch at Amanda’s Bakery or Casa Ramos. Stay overnight in a Victorian bed and breakfast so you can visit the David Traylor Zoo, located in Soden’s Grove Park along with the All Veterans Memorial. If it’s Summer, you can take a ride on the small train there after a day at the slides, waterfalls and lazy river of Jones Aquatic Center or a round of golf at the Municipal Golf Course.
Only a place so perfectly Hometown American could have come up with the idea to honor not some, but all of America’s veterans. Thank you, Emporia. And thank you, Veterans.
Special thanks to Kala Maxfield and the Emporia Area Chamber & Vistors Bureau for all their help obtaining period photos. Kala is beyond helpful. Thanks also to the Lyon County Historical Society and The IM Design Group. When I say the people of Emporia are friendly, I speak from experience.
Cie McCullough Buschle | Cie McCullough Buschle lives with her dog Einstein and a cat named Burton Guster. She is a lifelong traveler and enjoys researching history through holidays, toys, and everyday objects. Cie is a sculptor and co-owns The Creative Chameleon, a place where kids and adults can create, paint, celebrate, and just have a lot of fun. Sometimes you can find her time traveling back to the Middle Ages as part of the Society for Creative Anachronism.